Image Credit source: PTI
Image Credit source: PTI
An estimated multiple sclerosis (Multiple Sclerosis) affects 8 or 9 out of 1,000 people. The total number of patients with Multiple Sclerosis in India is more than 1.5 lakhs. Multiple sclerosis is a demyelinating neurological disease (Demyelinating Neurological Disease), which affects approximately 2.8 million people worldwide. To make people aware about this disease, World Multiple Sclerosis Day (World Multiple Sclerosis Day) is celebrated on 30th May. This year’s theme is Connections. On this occasion, Neurologist Dr. Sumit Kumar of Regency Superspeciality Hospital talked about this disease with TV9. such as its symptoms (SymptomsWhat are ) and how medicines can reduce the severity of this disease.
Dr. Sumit said, ‘Multiple sclerosis is a disease that affects the central nervous system (central nervous system). The disease is not directly inherited, but people who are related to someone with multiple sclerosis are more likely to develop it. Siblings or children of someone with multiple sclerosis are also at risk of getting this disease. According to estimates, this disease is found in about two-three people out of 100.
Data collected from hospitals across India shows that the number of multiple sclerosis patients has almost doubled in a year. But there has been no large scale study in India on multiple sclerosis. Dr. Kumar said, ‘The increasing number of cases can be attributed to the increasing number of practicing neurologists and the easy and affordable availability of Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI).’
He said that for early detection of multiple sclerosis, some symptoms should be monitored:
Weakness in limbs: The person may feel weakness in the legs and arms and may find it difficult to move them easily.
Numbness and Tingling: A pins and needles feeling in the body is one of the early symptoms of multiple sclerosis and can affect the face, body, arms and legs.
Lhermitte’s sign: A person may experience an electric shock-like sensation when they move their neck.
Bladder problems: A person may find it difficult to empty his bladder or may feel the need to urinate frequently or suddenly. Lack of control over the bladder is an early sign of multiple sclerosis.
Dr. Kumar said, ‘Apart from the above-mentioned symptoms, there are some other early signs of multiple sclerosis. Bowel incontinence can occur due to constipation and pain. One may experience fatigue which can impair a person’s ability to function at work or at home and is one of the most common symptoms of multiple sclerosis. Spasticity and muscle cramps are also early symptoms of multiple sclerosis. It can damage the nerve fibers in the spinal cord. It can cause muscle spasms in the brain including the legs.
According to him, some people may experience tremors due to multiple sclerosis. Some people may have problems with double or blurred vision. Two things are seen in double vision. Due to this, the eyesight can be partially or completely lost. Multiple sclerosis can change the way people walk due to muscle weakness and balance problems.
He said that demyelination and nerve fiber damage can trigger emotional changes in the brain. “Many people may find it difficult to focus, plan, learn, prioritize and multitasking,” he says. Neuropathic pain is caused by multiple sclerosis. Sometimes it includes problems like headache, hearing loss, itching, breathing or breathing problems, difficulty in speaking and difficulty in swallowing.
Sadly, there is no cure for multiple sclerosis yet. However, research is going on to develop new and best therapy for this disease of the central nervous system. The drugs reduce the frequency and severity of multiple sclerosis attacks. Most DMTs approved by the Food and Drug Administration (FDA) since the early 1990s are effective in managing relapsing-remitting multiple sclerosis, which helps 85–90 percent of people diagnosed with the disease.
Unfortunately, while there are medications that can reduce the frequency of multiple sclerosis attacks, the disease cannot be completely eliminated as there are risk factors for this condition that you cannot change. such as age and genetics. Dr Kumar concluded by saying, ‘However, by making some changes in your lifestyle, the risk of getting multiple sclerosis can be reduced. Its progression can be slowed down by diet, exercise, medication, and early detection. (To read this report in English click here CLICK do)