Image Credit source: PTI
Image Credit source: PTI
During 2020, when the coronavirus was at its peak in India, a total of 18.11 lakh medically certified deaths were registered. According to the ‘Report of Medical Certification of Cause of Death 2020’ prepared by the Registrar General and Census Commissioner of India, 9 percent of these people died due to the virus, with a total number of 1,60,618. At the same time, 32.1 percent people lost their lives due to heart-related diseases, while the number of people who died of respiratory diseases was 10 percent. Let us tell you that deaths due to diseases like pneumonia and asthma are kept in the category of deaths due to ‘diseases of the respiratory system’.
Dr. Vivek Anand Padegal, Director Pulmonology at Fortis Hospital, Bannerghatta Road, Bangalore, told that this is not surprising, because the SARS CoV-2 virus is known to attack the respiratory system. He said, ‘It is not surprising that in the first year of the epidemic, the death toll from diseases related to the respiratory system is at number two. Since, at that time COVID-19 was spread on a very large scale. So, there is nothing of mystery in this. In fact, almost 100 per cent of the deaths due to COVID-19 involve respiratory problems.
He said, ‘During the second wave of corona, the death rate was very high among people suffering from asthma, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) and other lung-related infections.’ Even after recovering from corona infection, some patients suffering from respiratory diseases had to face a lot of problems.
During the Kovid-19 peak, more than 70 percent of the people died due to other diseases.
According to the MCCD report, the death toll of those who were highly affected by respiratory diseases above the age of 70 years was very high. In this way 47,292 people lost their lives. This figure is 29.4 percent of medically certified deaths. After this, 23.9 percent of people aged 55-64 years died. At the same time, 14.5 percent of the people in the age group of 65-69 with a difference of just five years also died. According to the report, this figure is quite high.
82.7 percent of deaths over the age of 45
According to the report, if we talk about the largest figure of the number of deaths, then the people who lost their lives belong to the age group of 45 years or more. A total of 82.7 percent of the people of this age group died.
Dr. Padegal also told that in some states the exact number of deaths was not calculated. Had this been the case, the death toll could have been higher.
The MCCD-2020 report is based on a total of 18,11,688 medically certified deaths. According to the Annual Report on Vital Statistics of India based on Civil Registration System 2020, the number of deaths registered at the national level is 81,15,882.
The report said that 22.5 per cent of the total registered deaths at the national level are medically certified, but if we consider those who lost their lives due to any kind of disease during the epidemic, then the death toll rises to 54.6 per cent.
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